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Speaker Presentations Available from the Mid-Atlantic Contaminated Sediment/Soils Symposium

Mar 31, 2010

We would like to thank all the speakers who recently presented at the Mid-Atlantic Contaminated Sediment/Soils Symposium in Jersey City, NJ.  Several of the speakers have given us permission to post their presentations here on our website.  Please follow the links to view the Agenda, the Symposium Program or any of the presentations.

Mid-Atlantic Contaminated
Sediment/Soils Symposium
Sampling, Testing, Remediation and Disposal Strategies

Symposium Program (includes abstracts, bios and 3 Do’s and Don’ts for each speaker)

Speaker Presentations
Eric Stern- U.S. EPA Region 2 - Innovative Sediment Decontamination Processing/Management and their Application to Integrated Sustainable Systems
Philip Spadaro – Arcadis U.S. Inc. - A Survey of the Current Approaches to Contaminated Sediment Remediation in Various Countries
Guy Pomphrey and Stany Pensaert – DEC/DEME Group - How to Approach Complex Remediation Projects: Some European Examples
Ric Traver – CH2M Hill - Treatment Methods for the Remediation of Contaminated Soils at the London Brownfield Redevelopment Site
Bill Priore – GeoSyntec Consultants - Robust Delineation of Contamination for Remedial Design Planning to Minimize Uncertainties for Project Execution
Tom Fikslin – Delaware River Basin Commission - The Role of Sediments in Managing PCBs in the Delaware Estuary
Bob Engler – Moffat & Nichol - Contaminated Sediments/Soils: The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly
Mary Sorensen – Environ Corporation - Chromium in Estuarine Environments: Geochemical Influences on Toxicity
Lyle Trumbull* – O’Brien & Gere Engineers - Investigation of the Ecological Risk Associated with the Groundwater /Sediment/Surface Water Interactions at a Mid-Atlantic Superfund Site
Scott Douglas – NJDOT / Office of Marine Resources - Beneficial Use of Dredged Material in New Jersey - a Decade of Experience with Contaminated Sediment and Site Remediation
Dennis Grubb* – Schnabel Engineering - Evaluating the Properties of Dredged Material-Steel Slag Fines (DM-SSF) Blends for the Maryland Port Administration
Bill Potter – demaximis - Contaminated Sediment Sites: Challenges in Working in An Urban River Setting
* this presenter requested that their presentation not be posted on the website, contact the presenter directly for questions

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Cleopatra Exhibit Soon to Make American Debut

Jan 13, 2010

Ken Hayes and Franck Goddio inspect a newly discovered antiquity from Alexandria Bay in Egypt

The World’s Most Fascinating Woman

As a little kid I grew up watching National Geographic specials and the series Bold Journey.  On a daily basis I went on expeditions into the swamps near my childhood home in New Jersey.  Back in the 1950’s and 60’s I never imagined someday I would be a scientist working with an international marine archeology expedition in Egypt.  That would all change when I received a phone call from the Smithsonian’s Nile River Delta expert Dr. Jean Daniel Stanley.  He invited Aqua Survey to provide high-resolution sediment coring services in, of all places, Egypt.  Stanley told us our cores would be used to try to determine why Cleopatra’s recently found, long-lost palace was now submerged under the murky water of the Mediterranean.  We mobilized people and equipment to Alexandria; collected dozens of sediment vibracores and then packed the samples for shipment to the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D.C. It was fascinating to watch The Discovery Channel film crew capture our amazing adventure on film.

This June, Philadelphia’s Franklin Institute will be featuring an exhibit on Cleopatra’s palace and possibly reveal what forces sent the palace to its watery grave.  The last time I held some of the artifacts to be displayed, they were neatly organized in large bins soaking in freshwater (the first step in curation).  No doubt, I won’t be allowed to touch them again in Philadelphia.

Aqua Survey would like to encourage you to visit the exhibit this summer.  We are planning an Aqua Survey reception at the Franklin Institute to celebrate the exhibit.  On-hand to interpret the exhibit will be Eric Smith (archaeological diver from Franck Goddio’s team and now ASI employee) and me.  We look forward to sharing our personal experiences in Egypt.  Goddio has often referred to Cleopatra as being the most fascinating woman to ever live.  Visit Franck Goddio’s website or visit the Franklin Institute to see if you agree. Visit Aqua Survey’s website to find out more about how we are currently using geophysical tools to locate cultural artifacts.  Let us know if you would like more information on the reception at the Franklin Institute.

Ken Hayes
President and Founder
Aqua Survey , Inc.

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Samurai Invasions, Stepping Stones & Human Ingenuity

Jan 06, 2010

Admiral Yi Sun-sin and Turtle Boats

Ancient Korea’s Struggle For Survival
by Garrett Hayes, Aqua Survey Staff Writer

The year is 1592 and the Joeson Dynasty of Korea is about to be confronted by one of the world’s fiercest professional armies, the Japanese samurai.  After more than one hundred years of civil war, Toyotomi Hideyoshi of Japan has recently unified his country.  Suddenly faced with a large force of battle-hardened, aggressive Japanese soldiers with little to do, Hideyoshi decides to invade China and use its small neighbor Korea as a mere stepping stone.  Better to attack a neighbor now than to deal with the possibility of a military coup. 

Suffering from a mismanaged government and a poorly trained army, Korea most likely would have suffered quick defeat by the Japanese had it not been for the efforts of one man and his innovative vessel design.  That one man was Admiral Yi Sun-sin.  Admiral Yi would not only go down in history as the brilliant strategist and charismatic leader who led the Korean navy to victory against the Japanese, but, to many Koreans, he would also be remembered as the inventor of the infamous Turtle Boat. 

Taking into account the enemy’s strengths and weaknesses, Yi’s Turtle Boat would play an integral role in the repulsion of the Japanese invasion.  At one hundred ten to one hundred twenty feet in length the Turtle Boat featured a U-shaped hull constructed of thick timber as well as what amounted to a heavily armored “turtle shell” which covered the entire top deck of the vessel to protect combatants from enemy fire.  In order to counter the Japanese’s favored battle strategy of grappling onto and then boarding enemy vessels to engage in hand-to-hand combat, this shell was covered with iron spikes, which would impale anyone who attempted to board the vessel.  This design played to the Koreans’ favor in that they were very advanced in terms of cannon weaponry.  A small group of Turtle Boats could rapidly close in on the enemy to deal out massive damage through cannon fire while sustaining little damage themselves.

Over the course of the war, perhaps a dozen Turtle Boats were constructed.  None of them have ever been seen by modern man.  To this day no one has found the remains of a single Turtle Boat. To make matters more complicated, Admiral Yi is said to have won every single naval engagement in which he was a part of, thus making the locations of his battles unlikely areas to search.  What happened to the Turtle Boats?  Perhaps part of the answer lies in the Battle of Chilcheonryang, one of the few naval engagements during the war in which Admiral Yi was sidelined and did not lead Korea’s fleet.  The Battle of Chilcheonryang was by all accounts a Korean slaughter.  The Korean fleet lost 157 ships while the Japanese sustained only minimal damage.  Does the bottom of the Chilcheonryang hold the remains of one or more of Yi’s Turtle Boats?  Other Turtle Boats survived the war, but have seemingly disappeared into the annals of history.  Can a Turtle Boat be found and excavated?  And if so, what will be the key to finding its location? 

Under contract to the prestigious Marine Resource and Cultural Foundation, Aqua Survey is slated to arrive with their advanced geophysical survey instruments this Spring to attempt to locate a Turtle Boat. 

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Aqua Survey presents at HDC SETAC Meeting

Apr 28, 2009

Don Nazario presents at the HDC SETAC Meeting on April 24, 2009 at Overlook Lodge in Bear Mountain, NY.

Don Nazario from Aqua Survey, Inc. recently presented a talk titled “Introduction to Geophysical Surveys” at the 2009 Annual Spring Meeting of the Hudson-Delaware Chapter of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (HDC SETAC).  The meeting was held April 23-24, 2009 at the Overlook Lodge in Bear Mountain, NY.  The SETAC attendees consisted of university students, EPA, NOAA and NY State regulatory officials and individuals from private industry.  Included in the presentation was a 10 minute video that showed the geophysical survey tools that have been used on the Atocha project in Key West, FL and metal detecting services that are used for unexploded ordnance (UXO) markout.

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An Old Friend Visits the US

Mar 27, 2009

Ken Hayes, Dominique Goerlitz and Jon Doi at the German Consulate in New York City on March 18, 2009.

Abora IV Trans-Atlantic Sailing Expedition

Recently Jon Doi and I had the pleasure of visiting an old friend.  We attended a presentation on Wednesday, March 18, 2009 at the German Consulate in New York City.  The speaker was the botanist and experimental archeologist Dominique Goerlitz.  Those of you who have subscribed to our company email flashes will remember Aqua Survey’s coverage of the historic Abora III expedition during the summer of 2007 (see Aqua Survey Video).  Dominique was back in New York City to offer experiences from his last transatlantic voyage but also to discuss his upcoming Abora IV expedition. 

The invited guests were treated to dramatic pictures and video of the Abora III voyage along with personal stories and insights by Dominique.  Mr. Goerlitz is not only a very popular scientist but he is an authentic personality and came across as very likeable and positive-thinking.  As an inspiring and compelling speaker, he also addressed issues such as project management and team building that is extremely important for a successful expedition.

Aqua Survey, Inc. looks forward to supporting Dominique Goerlitz and his team as they pull together resources and begin the construction of the Abora IV right here in NJ!  The expedition has selected Liberty Science Center in Jersey City, NJ as the building location for the Abora IV.  The building area at Liberty Science Center provides a fascinating location for viewing the progress of this historic voyage.

We wish Dominique and his devoted team members the best of luck and look forward to supporting him on his next transatlantic voyage, The Abora IV! 

Ken Hayes

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Field Processing

Jan 23, 2009

When was the last time you changed your own car oil?

When was the last time you changed your own car oil?  If you’re like many of us, the small price to have a professional do the job is worth it to save yourself the headache and the mess.  Add to this the simple fact that time is money and it becomes clear that a lot of us are better off spending time using our other skill sets.

At Aqua Survey, Inc. (ASI) we’re all about sediments and we can provide cost effective solutions for your big projects as well as your little ones.  To support your sediment projects, ASI owns and operates an ecotoxicology sediment testing laboratory, a wide array of geophysical instruments, a fleet of over 20 research vessels, drill rigs, vibracoring systems and submersible towed instrument platforms.  We collect 1000’s of sediment cores each year.  Not only are we experienced in the collection of sediment cores, but also in their processing.  When field processing is performed by an outside group, our field crew is frequently able to outsample them, forcing us to slow down in response to their inability to keep up with us.  Because we have more experience, Aqua Survey’s field processing team is able to safely and effectively coordinate with our field crew and keep up with their rate of sampling.  What this means to our clients is that their job is completed in a faster and ultimately more cost efficient manner.

Just as the seasoned mechanic is able to change a car’s oil faster than the person who does so only once or twice a year, our teams are able to perform field processing in a quicker, more efficient and tidier manner than most other people.  Many of our clients already know about our field processing services and use them to their advantage.  Let us do the dirty work so you can use your business’s resources more effectively.

No matter what the environment, we can help to increase your productivity!

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The Anatomy of a Spanish Treasure

Dec 24, 2008

Although this Spanish piece of eight may look as if it’s been ravaged by the 386 years it spent on the bottom of the ocean, the fact is it looks much today as did when it was minted in ~1617 at Potosi, Bolivia.  At first, Spain’s new world mints took great pride in producing high quality coins. This special attention to detail required a costly and time consuming manufacturing process.  In short, it was a great way to make good looking coins, but not the best way to mint money to fuel the Spanish empire.

By the time Phillip III came to power in 1598, these time-consuming methods were being phased out in favor of time-saving production techniques. Coins such as the one recovered from the Atocha pictured above were made from odd shaped coin blanks which were quickly produced with little care to make the resulting coins even round. Coin edges had to be clipped to keep the piece of eight the right weight.  Coins from the Potosi mint were eventually considered of such poor quality that they were recalled in 1650.

However time has an interesting way of changing the perceived value of an object.  Today, these coins are highly valued because of their uniqueness.  When you hold one in your hand you have the feeling of not just of holding a piece of ancient history, but the sensation that you are looking at something as intrinsically unique as a snowflake, there was never one exactly like it before and there will never be one like it again.

According to the Atocha’s ship manifest, there are still 36 coin chests remaining to be found.  These coin chests represent just a portion of what’s on the manifest and still remains to be found.  Aqua Survey, Inc. is excited to be a in a continuing partnership with Mel Fisher’s Treasures.  Developing and deploying submersible high-powered electromagnetic metal detection systems to hunt for lost Spanish treasure has been an amazing adventure for Aqua Survey’s scientists and engineers.  We look forward to returning to the Atocha’s debris trail in 2009 to continue the investigation. 

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